The primary draft of the human genome was printed 20 years in the past in 2001, took almost three years and price between US$500 million and $1 billion. The Human Genome Challenge has allowed scientists to learn, nearly finish to finish, the three billion pairs of DNA bases – or “letters” – that biologically outline a human being.

That mission has allowed a brand new technology of researchers like me, presently a postdoctoral fellow on the Nationwide Most cancers Institute, to determine novel targets for most cancers therapies, engineer mice with human immune programs and even construct a webpage the place anybody can navigate all the human genome with the identical ease with which you employ Google Maps.

The primary full genome was generated from a handful of nameless donors to attempt to produce a reference genome that represented greater than only one single particular person. However this fell far in need of encompassing the extensive range of human populations on this planet. No two individuals are the identical and no two genomes are the identical, both. If researchers wished to know humanity in all its range, it could take sequencing hundreds or thousands and thousands of full genomes. Now, a mission like that’s underway.

There is a huge amount of genetic variation between people around the globe.
Credit score: Gerd Altmann from Pixabay